Autism and ADHD

ADHD

There is an alarming increase in the incidence of Asthma, Allergies, AD(H)D and Autism in children

autism

Autism is a behaviour-defined psychiatric diagnosis and presents as a developmental disorder. It affects individuals quite differently, so the term Autism Spectrum Disorder is used as an umbrella for a wide variety of presentations, from speech/language disorder to social and behavioural diagnoses and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD).

The biomedical model suggests that autism is expressed due to an interaction of a genetic predisposed child, his/her environment and inflammation or infection, leading to:

  • gastro-intestinal inflammation;
  • brain inflammation;
  • immune dysregulation;
  • toxicity; and
  • oxidative stress in due time.

ADHD is a psychiatric diagnosis, categorised in 3 subtypes:

  • the inattentive type;
  • the impulsive type; and
  • the hyperactive group.

According to the DSM 5, there are different criteria for the diagnosis to be made. ADHD presents with challenges on different levels, including:

  • sensory regulation;
  • processing;
  • working memory;

We explore in this talk:

  • Executive functioning;
  • gross and fine motor skills;
  • How to get the correct diagnosis;
  • Criteria for ADHD and Autism;
  • A multi-system approach